With regard to the population group most exposed to this problem, the specialist pointed out that for every four alcoholic men, there is one woman in this situation, because men in our country have a higher rate of alcohol dependence than women. Alcohol, as a legal drug, is a sedative of the central nervous system. It acts in many areas of the body: the main component of alcoholic beverages is ethanol or ethyl alcohol, which has different concentrations depending on the manufacturing process. Alcoholic beverages can be: The graduation of a beverage indicates approximately the volume of ethyl alcohol it contains. Thus, a 12º bottle of wine contains 12% pure alcohol. According to the academic academic, the individual begins to show certain characteristics that are easy to identify. For example, it is more tolerant to alcohol. The consumption of alcoholic beverages is contraindicated with certain medications. Even in small quantities, when taking anxiolytics or drugs with similar properties, alcohol consumption can be dangerous. Strictly follow medical recommendations and, if in doubt, consult medical or pharmaceutical staff or read the package leaflet. Most families have a bottle of alcohol at home, either rompope or tequila, to name a few. Mexican culture is also very keen to celebrate important events with a toast, which allows young people not to see it as something negative, but it is practically an invitation, he concluded.
It should be noted that the pattern of consumption has changed in recent years, especially when it comes to young people. It has gone from repeated and continuous consumption for every day to time-limited consumption (usually on weekends) and large quantities, or at least sufficient amounts, to get drunk easily, which is colloquially called “catching the point”. This form of alcohol consumption is known as cyclical alcoholism. Alcohol is the most consumed and accepted drug in our society and one of the most social and health problems (addiction, digestive diseases, cardiovascular diseases, injuries caused by road accidents, absenteeism from work, etc.). determine genetic predisposition to the use of psychoactive substances; It should be noted that there are other random factors. For example, living in unstructured environments. Or being young and believing that it gives them pleasure: they drink alcohol in their meetings and practice the popular called Botellón. Alcohol is a central nervous system sedative that gradually inhibits brain function. It affects the ability to self-control, initially produces euphoria and disinhibition, so it can be confused with a stimulant. Symptoms caused by alcoholism or alcohol dependence include: Alcohol is the drug that has the most negative impact on the well-being of people and society in general. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), addiction is a physical and psycho-emotional illness that creates an addiction or need for a substance, activity or relationship.
What are drugs? The WHO defines a drug as “any substance introduced into the living organism can alter one or more of its functions by altering thoughts, emotions, perceptions and behaviors in a direction that makes it desirable to repeat the experiment and can cause mechanisms of tolerance and dependence.” Alcohol and tobacco as a “legal drug”? Both are the cause of the highest number of preventable deaths today. The main difference between tobacco and alcohol and other social drugs such as marijuana and cocaine is the ease of their acquisition. Alcohol is a sedative of the central nervous system, has a greater number of addicts, because the drinks that contain it enjoy great social acceptance, and its consumption is deeply rooted in our culture. The ethyl alcohol contained in beverages is produced during the fermentation of sugars by yeasts and causes intoxication. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the problem of alcohol consumption, as it is now the most demanded drug, partly due to the great development of the beverage manufacturing industry, which has increased its availability. Every day, different types of drinks arrive on the market, which are advertised through all media and whose prices make them accessible to everyone, even those with low purchasing power. Moreover, if we consider that alcohol is attributed symbolic values to replace economic and psychosocial deficits such as “prestige”, “security” or “affection” or that a certain social position is acquired, then the problem becomes more and more complicated and becomes the result of the interaction between the individual and society. Is alcoholism a disease? One of the earliest references to the concept of alcoholism as a disease is found in Seneca in ancient Rome, which distinguished between a drunk (intoxicated) person and a person who seems to have no control over repetitive episodes of (dependent) drunkenness. In fourteenth-century England, Chaucer came to conclusions similar to those of Seneca. Both viewed alcoholism as a qualitatively different condition from excessive alcohol consumption.
In the late eighteenth century, Benjamin Rush in the United States defined “habitual drunkenness” as an involuntary condition, a disease caused by “spirits.” From his writings, three ideas about the disease are identified: This information was published by psychiatrist Francisco©Bravo Alva, general director of the Hermilio Valdizan Hospital, who pointed out that alcoholism is a pathological image that causes road accidents, homicides, suicides and various risky behaviors. In addition, alcohol consumption can cause problems for third parties, so it is advisable to pay special attention to circumstances that increase the risk of having problems due to alcohol consumption for the same person or people in the environment: alcohol as a legal drug and its association with family rites make such consumption socially acceptable; and on the other hand, that it remains one of the most harmful and widespread addictions in society. Dr. Bravo Alva revealed that alcohol is a central nervous system sedative, the effects of which range from loss of inhibitions, feelings of relaxation and calmness to behavioral changes©that can manifest as©depression, aggression and violent behavior. Making room for soft drinks (Catalan version) With alcohol is less better (Catalan version) Therefore, he urged parents to remain vigilant about the consumption and abuse of alcohol by their children, as it is the most common drug used by young people due to its ease of access and high publicity. In the central nervous system, alcohol is involved in various processes. Those in which certain nerve cells are asked to activate or excite. It also stimulates the processes by which certain nerve cells reduce their activity. In this way, alcohol acts as a biochemical inhibitor. This is not specific to the activity of the central nervous system. This is why the effects of alcohol include relaxation or reducing anxiety.