Far from putting more limits on abortion, Congress must work to review and correct the Supreme Court`s decision to overturn Roe. To achieve this, it will be imperative to pass laws that guarantee the right to abortion nationwide, such as the Women`s Health Protection Act (WHPA) and the Equal Access to Abortion Coverage in Health Insurance Act (EACH). The ability to decide whether or not to have a child should be a fundamental freedom for everyone – and federal legislators should act to ensure that promise becomes a reality. In May 2021, the Supreme Court announced that it would hear Dobbs v. Jackson Women`s Health Organization, a case that challenges Mississippi`s ban on 15-week abortion.2 And in September 2021, the Supreme Court signed into law a Texas law, S.B. 8. S.B. 8 effectively prohibits abortion at six weeks and creates a private right of action that allows “any person” to sue anyone who assists a person in accessing abortion care, including abortion providers, abortion funds, family members or friends.3 Both laws directly contradict Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, who guarantee the right to abortion and prohibit states from banning them before the point of viability. Number of abortion restrictions introduced this year as of early June 2021 On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court released its decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women`s Health, overturning Roe v. Wade, abolishing the federal standard to protect abortion rights.
Across the country, states are responding by banning or protecting access to abortion. It is now up to each state to enact laws to protect or restrict abortion if there is no federal standard. Access to safe legal abortions now depends on where you live, and the national divide in access to abortion treatment has been exacerbated. The map below shows the status of implementation of abortion laws across the country. A new type of abortion restriction debuted in Texas this year as part of the state`s six-week ban: S.B. 8 includes a lawsuit provision that creates a pathway for civil lawsuits for civilians, not state officials, to sue abortion providers or others who help a person obtain an abortion. Under the law, each person who successfully sues will receive $10,000 or more. This bounty hunter program was designed to thwart judicial interference in order to protect access to abortion before the law could come into effect, and it achieved this goal. Although a federal district court scheduled a hearing to determine whether the bill should be ordered, the Fifth Judicial District intervened before the hearing and concluded that the law could go into effect.14 With four dissenting opinions, the Supreme Court agreed.15 As a result, abortion after six weeks is not available in Texas at the time of publication. and other states, including Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and South Dakota, reportedly intend to pass similar laws.16 For more details on the current abortion situation in each state, see below.
(1) ABORTION SERVICES: The term “abortion services” means an abortion and all medical or non-medical services related to an abortion (whether or not provided at the same time or on the same day as the abortion). (A) participates or intends to provide health care services, including abortion services, and abortion is legal in Illinois for a period of up to 24 weeks. Parental consent is not required for minors, but a guardian over 21 years of age must be informed, unless revoked by a judge in special cases.  Illinois has 40 facilities that can perform abortions in 2017.  Some states criminalize people who administer their own abortion, that is, who terminate their pregnancy outside of a health care facility. In a year when policymakers have a special responsibility to act to protect and expand access to comprehensive, high-quality health care, many have done exactly the opposite. The ability of the courts to act as an interim solution has already been undermined. When the Supreme Court undermined abortion rights in Dobbs v. Jackson`s Women`s Health Organization, this limited protection was nearly decimated, making access to abortion care even more dependent than it already is on where a person lives and their income. These impacts would disproportionately affect people of color, low-income people, youth, people with disabilities, transgender and non-binary people, immigrants, and people from the South and Midwest. New York is known in the United States as a reproductive refuge.
This means that abortion is legal and is considered health care by the state. There are approximately 252 facilities in New York that perform abortions.  In 2019, New York codified abortion laws and protections into state law. New York State Senator Alessandra Biaggi has proposed a bill that would allow New York taxpayers to contribute to the Abortion Access Fund on their tax forms. This essentially contributes to creating better access to reproductive health care in the state.  A number of states limit elective abortions to a maximum number of weeks after pregnancy, usually before the fetus can survive when removed from the womb. In comparison, the youngest child to survive a premature birth in the United States was Amillia Taylor (born in 24. October 2006 in Miami, Florida, at gestational age of 21 weeks and 6 days, approximately 153 days versus an expected gestation period of 40 weeks, approximately 280 days). Use this map to examine the distribution of abortion laws by state in real time – and abortion bans, types of abortion restrictions, trigger bans, and more. Even with these proactive measures, restrictions imposed by other states on abortion may, in practice, impede the availability of abortions across state borders. For example, in some states where abortion is recognized as essential health care, some providers are already experiencing an influx of patients due to Texas` six-week ban.46 An Oklahoma City clinic has increased the number of calls it receives from Texas residents wanting an abortion from about five a day before the ban to about 55 a day from S.B.